The following items represent museum's outstanding group of Islamic miniature
paintings, found in illustrated copies of classic works and as surviving
fragments pasted or bound into albums in the former royal libraries.
The first examples of the Ottoman miniature paintings were
produced under the patronage of Fatih Sultan Mehmet
(Mehmet the Conqueror ) in mid 15th century.
An important feature of the Ottoman miniatures is the
realistic portrayal of actual events while
adhering to the traditional
rules of Islamic art.
Topkapi's priceless collection encompasses not only Ottoman works but also
those of many different dynasties and regions within the Islamic world,
including Baghdad and Mosul in Mesopotamia (13th century); Il-Khanid Tabriz
and Muzaffarid Shiraz (14th century); and Akkoyunlu Shiraz and Tabriz, Timurid
Herat, and Safavid Shiraz and Tabriz (15th century).
Included are scientific works such as Dioscorides' Materia Medica;
romances such as the fables of Khalila and Dimna; the